V.N karazin kharkiv national University
The University of Kharkiv (Ukrainian: Харківський університет) or officially the Vasyl Karazin Kharkiv National University(Ukrainian: Харківський національний університет імені В. Н. Каразіна) is one of the major universities in Ukraine, and earlier in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union. It was founded in 1804 through the efforts of Vasily Karazin becoming the second oldest university in modern-day Ukraine after the University of Lviv.
On 29 January 1805, the Decree on the Opening of the Imperial University in Kharkiv came into force. The university became the second university in the south of the Russian Empire. It was founded on the initiative of the local community with Vasyly Karazin at the fore, whose idea was supported by the nobility and the local authorities. Count Seweryn Potocki was appointed the first supervisor of the university, the first rector being the philologist Ivan Ryzhski.
In 1811, the Philotechnical Society was founded, while the Mathematical Society of Kharkiv, the Historical and Philological Society of Kharkiv, the Naturalists Society, Societies of Physics, Chemistry, Law, among others, were established in the second half of the 19th century. The first periodicals in Slobozhanshchyna appear in the university around this time, including Kharkovski Ezhenedelnik (1812), Ukrainski Vestnik (1816–1819), Ukrainski Zhurnal (1824–1825), etc.
In 1839, a veterinary school, which in 1851 became an independent institute, was established at the university. By this time, the campus included laboratories, clinics, an astronomical observatory, a botanical garden and a library.
Previously, the university was autonomous with rectors being elected. However, from 1820 to 1850, all its activity was strictly controlled. Rectors were appointed by the Minister of Education, while scientific publications and academic processes were censored.
In 1863, under a new Statute,the university became partly autonomous.
The university has been publishing Scientific Notes since 1874.
From the 19th century up to the early 20th century, the University of Kharkiv had four schools: School of Physics and Mathematics, School of History and Philology, School of Medicine, School of Law.
The university exerted great influence on school-life in Slobozhanshchyna in the first period of its existence, largely from 1805 to 1835.
The School of Medicine closely cooperates colleagues from Kharkiv and Ukraine as well as from other countries. Contracts on exchange of experience, scientific cooperation and carrying out joint research works with the following research and clinical establishments are signed: Kharkiv City Prenatal Center, V. I. Grishchenko Clinic of Reproductive Medicine, University of Aberdeen (UK), IBM Academic Initiative (USA), University of Barcelona (Spain), Roma University (Italy), Institute of Microbiology and Immunology n.a. I. I. Mechnikov AMS Ukraine, Institute of Backbone and Joints Pathology n.a. professor M. I. Sitenko , V. Т. Zaytsev Institute of the General 43 and Urgent Surgery of NAMS of Ukraine, NATO, MCVB (Australia), WSPID (South Africa), The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (Japan), Ukrainian NDI of Social and Judicial Psychiatry and Narcology of The Ministry of Health of Ukraine, A. I. Meshchaninov Kharkiv City Clinical Hospital of Ambulance and Emergency Medical Service, Swedish Institute (Sweden), School of Public Health (Department of Medicine SUNY Medical Center, USA), The Kharkiv Medical Academy of post degree education, National Medical Academy of post degree Education, Institute of Therapy of NAMS of Ukraine of L. T. Mala, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute” and others.
Under the Soviet Union, the University of Kharkiv was decorated the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, the Order of the October Revolution and the Order of Peoples’ Friendship. According to the estimation of teaching quality, the university ranked seventh (Compass, in 2009) and fourth (Mirror Weekly, in 2007) in Ukraine. According to one of the world leading university rankings (Webometrics, in 2013), Kharkiv National University holds the fourth position among Ukrainian universities and the 1138th position in the world.
In the field of management and economics the university took eighth place, in the field of law; ninth, in the field of engineering; tenth, in information technology; eighth place in Ukraine according to the rating of Compass in 2009. Kharkiv National University holds the second place in Ukraine in volume of publications and citations in scientific database Scopus and the Hirsch index.
In 2014, according to University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), it is the second best university in Ukraine and 1362nd university in the world.